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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-34

A Prevalence Study of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Its Sociobiological Determinants During Second Wave of COVID-19 Pandemic Among General Population of National Capital Territory of Delhi

1 Department of Community Medicine, School of Medical Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, U.P., India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Manipal TATA Medical College, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka 576104, India

Correspondence Address:
Khushboo Juneja
Department of Community Medicine, Manipal TATA Medical College, Kadani Road, Baridih, Singhbhum District, Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, 831017
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_36_22

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Introduction: Nationwide lockdown during COVID-19 pandemic, rapid transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and more intense second wave of pandemic in terms of high caseload, reduced essential supplies and scarcity of beds, and unpredictable mortality had a huge impact on mental health of general population. Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and determine the factors of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among the general population of India during the second wave of pandemic. Methodology: An online survey was conducted to estimate the prevalence and assess the factors responsible for PTSD among 614 participants who were above 18 years of age. The prevalence of PTSD was measured using PTSD checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder-5 (DSM-5). Results: In the present study, there were a total of 614 participants and the mean age of the participants was 23.64 years. More than half of the participants were female and majority of them were unmarried (76.7%). The prevalence of PTSD was 30.62%. A significant association was observed between occupation and PTSD prevalence. Also, COVID-19 illness, COVID-19 infection among the family members, work outside the home, hospital admissions, difficulty in acquiring the required medication were significantly associated with PTSD. Conclusion: COVID-19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown led to increased prevalence of psychological effects like PTSD. This highlights the importance of focusing on mental health during the pandemic.

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