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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 201-206

Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine and Its Related Determinants Among the Residents of Western Uttar Pradesh


1 Department of Physiology, Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Aprajita Panwar
Associate Professor, Department of Physiology, Government Institute of Medical Sciences, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_9_22

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Background and Objectives: Amidst multiple waves of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, numerous vaccines are being used worldwide to provide immunity against the coronavirus. Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of the community toward COVID-19 vaccination could influence vaccine acceptance. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions toward COVID-19 vaccination and assess its determinants. Material and Methods: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted as a structured 27-item questionnaire through Google Forms. Qualitative data were processed by categorizing responses for an item according to intended objectives, and data were coded numerically. The associations between variables were explored by using a modified Poisson regression to determine adjusted prevalence ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. Results: The vaccine acceptance rate among the respondents was 72% and was more among those involved in the health care sector. The participants feared vaccine-related side effects and were less willing to accept the vaccination. The participants who believed adults also require vaccination against diseases accepted the COVID-19 vaccine. We found that the subjects with comorbid conditions, urban areas, and those who had contacted COVID-19 infection or family members were more willing to get vaccinated (P < 0.001). Conclusions: We concluded that a considerable majority (72%) of residents exhibit good vaccine acceptability. Health care providers, social media, and community influencers can design awareness campaigns to address perceived safety concerns and achieve a 100% acceptance rate in the community.


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