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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 229-234

COVID-19 and Underlying Comorbidities: A Population-Based Study on 3109 Patients in North India

1 MBBS Student in the 2nd Professional Year in Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Biochemistry, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi, India
3 District Civil Hospital, Sonipat, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vatsala Khurana
Department of Biochemistry, Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi-110002
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/mamcjms.mamcjms_39_21

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Context: The world witnessed the emergence of a new disease, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is now a global pandemic. Studies have shown that people with pre-existing conditions are more vulnerable to the virus compared to people with no comorbidities. Aims: The present study has been conducted to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities among patients with COVID-19 admitted to a district hospital in Sonipat, Haryana. Materials and methods: An epidemiologic, questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted on consecutive patients with COVID-19 admitted to a civil hospital in Sonipat, Haryana between May 13, 2020 to November 13, 2020 over a period of 6 months. Statistical analysis: The data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, New York, USA). Results: The results show that men (65.4%) were affected more than women with maximum prevalence in the age group of 21 to 30 years (28.8%). Only 10.7% of the volunteers showed no signs of any chronic ailment in contrast to 89.3% volunteers who were already suffering from some underlying health condition. The data also revealed that people suffering from type 2 diabetes (40.9%) and hypertension (33.5%) are more susceptible to develop SARS-CoV-2. About 55.9% of the participants were asymptomatic at presentation. Conclusion: People with chronic conditions were more susceptible to COVID-19, may be due to an increased inflammation leading to weakening of the immune system. As prevention is better than cure, so by following basic principles of sanitization, social distancing, and use of proper face masks, people with comorbidities can protect themselves from the virus.

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