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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 92-95

A Community-based Study to Estimate the Prevalence and Determinants of Hypertension in a Rural Area of Puducherry

1 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Ammapettai, Kancheepuram, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Medical College and Hospital, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
3rd Floor, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Ammapettai Village, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road, Sembakkam Post, Kancheepuram - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2394-7438.157921

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Objectives: The objective was to estimate the prevalence of hypertension and its determinants in a rural setting of Puducherry. Materials and Methods: A community-based study for the duration of 2 years (March 2012-February 2014) was conducted among persons aged 25 years and above, residing in two villages of Puducherry. Single-stage cluster random sampling was employed and subjects were enrolled based on the fulfillment of inclusion criteria. Institutional Ethics Committee permission was obtained prior to the start of the study. SPSS version 16 was used for statistical analysis. Chi-square and unpaired t-tests were employed to study the association between risk factors and hypertension. Results: The prevalence of hypertension in the study population was 24.7%, with higher prevalence being observed in males (28.7%) than females (21.0%). The statistical analysis revealed a significant association between reduced physical activity/week, addiction to smoking and alcohol, abdominal obesity, high salt intake, and presence of hypertension. Conclusion: The prevalence of hypertension was higher in the study subjects residing in rural areas of Puducherry. However, the positive association between the common lifestyle related parameters and presence of hypertension suggest that there is a significant scope to create awareness about these risk factors among the rural population.

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